Casteism as yet retains its fundamental role in shaping the character of Indian rural society. Despite the gradual breaking away of the caste system in urban society it still continues to exert a major influence in determining the life of rural populations. Tribals constitute about 7.84% of Vidarbha’s urban population. Urban tribal population in Vidarbha’s Nagpur district is so large that it accounts for over half (57.34%) of Vidarbha’s urban tribal population.
The tribal’s are a group of people who have lived at a particular place from time immemorial. In Central India the tribal belt stretches from Gujarat in the west up to Assam in the east across the states of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand. Just next door to us in the forests of Pench are located tribal folks subsisting in one of the poorest regions of the country, carrying on valiantly with primitive agriculture.
Anthropologically speaking the tribal system of social organization includes several local groups – villages, districts on lineage and normally includes a common territory, language, culture, economy, religion and belief, primitive law and even an education system. Yet quality of life of tribal people continues to be deplorable. While earlier their main occupation was hunting, gathering of wood and forest products and primitive shifting cultivation, they have now begun to settle down to a more permanent way of life.
Due to destruction of forest and non availability of proper facilities, tribal people continue to lead a poor quality of life. While the government makes efforts to improve economic, social, and educational standard of the tribal people, they are yet to join the mainstream of social, political and economic life to the best of their advantage. Empathetic social organizations are therefore working with Tribal’s to bring them into the fold of the common milieu of our country.
A number of welfare programmes for tribal communities are there for their upliftment. Even so tribal’s are engaged in a struggle for survival. They seek identity, autonomy equality and empowerment. They are moving out of ancestral lands to participate in civic life while retaining their own unique cultures. But several alarming poverty indicators, including precarious health indicators underline their lives.
Recognizing this need, HERD Foundation takes up medical health camps for tribal men and women in order to provide them with modern medicines and treatments that offer solace and relief to them when sick or in physical discomfort. Today we go to Wadamba village – a hub for tribal populations and our medical health checkups will take care of their medicinal needs.