Most countries observe World Braille Day on January 4, being the birthday of its inventor Louis Braille. This day recognizes his significant contribution that has been assisting blind people to be able to read and write. Several organizations celebrate the day to create awareness about the challenges faced by visually impaired people. Many schools also mark the day to share its history for the benefit of students.
Braille is a code using bumps and indentation on surfaces that represent letters. They are recognized by touch and Louis Braille, blinded in an accident when he was only 3 years of age, invented it. Up until his discovery the Haüy system that had embossed Latin letters on thick paper or leather was used. But it was a complicated system requiring rigorous training and could only be read and not written.
This encouraged Braille when he was only 15, to invent the Braille code. Today we have several different versions of Braille. Since it is basically a code, all languages and even subjects like mathematics, music and computer programming can be read and written in Braille! This has been critically instrumental in the lives of millions of blind people to study and access literature.
It has been 200 years now since blind people have been facilitated to read and write using Braille. This tactile alphabet system has letters, numbers and symbols for most languages in the world. For blind students Braille is the key to attaining knowledge, literacy and employment. The world owes it to the young French man enrolled in the Royal Institution for Blind Youth, Paris who so wanted to read books just like other children, that he created a tactile alphabet to enable him easily to read and write!
The Marrakesh Treaty, an international copyright agreement ratified by 20 countries allows Braille books to be produced without copyright permission. The Treaty allows libraries for the blind to share accessible versions of books across borders without copyright permission. Till date the Marrakesh Treaty has been signed by 81 countries. The World Blind Union a global organization effective in 190 countries represents over 285 million blind or partially sighted people worldwide.
HERD Foundation encourages everyone to understand the importance of human right for all people who are blind, visually impaired or otherwise print disabled, to be able to access and facilitate access to published works. The organization remembers and recognizes Louis Braille for his simple yet effective invention that made it possible for blind people throughout the world to read and write.