It was in 1993 that U.N. General Assembly designated March 22 as World Water Day. This would have occurred in the wake of deepening water crisis and ever diminishing water resources that were perpetually threatened. Access to safe drinking water in many parts of the world is a dim reality. And to warn everybody around the world of this scarce critical resource the World Water Day becomes very important.
Step outside our cities, where we have municipal bodies managing the distribution of water through pipelines, our rural areas are bereft of safe drinking water. The coming summer season portends impending water shortages when all the streams and ponds will dry up. The task of finding water and carrying it home befalls women and girls who will have to carry pitchers and pots on their heads everyday for their daily needs.
Each year the ground water levels are receding. With the coming summer serious concerns about water scarcity will affect both urban and rural people. It will affect their health and well being without access to clean water. Even wells, hand-pumps and bore-wells go dry. This is why rain water harvesting becomes so very essential to conserve water.
Perhaps this is why March 22 was marked out to warn people to learn to conserve water resources. This year’s thematic report published by UN Water is on ‘Waste Water’. It is an effort to highlight the fact that more than 80% of waste water is not utilized. In our own country nearly 90% of water is wasted after use. How do we save this essential resource? Here are important tips to save water in your own way:
- Fix aerators, faucets or low-flow shower heads that will cut water use at the source in half.
- Fix leaking pipes or tanks immediately as it can result in wasting huge amounts in just few days.
- Stop washing your car from water pipes. Instead use a bucket and mop it clean.
- Install a rain barrel on the roof to collect runoff rain water and use it for plants or lawn.
- Stop buying bottled water! It takes 3 liters of water to make every 1-liter bottle of water even before it is used for water to be put it in! Use a glass or steel bottle.
- If you must water a lawn, do it very early in the morning or late evening to minimize evaporation.
- If you really want to be conscious, don’t have a lawn at all! Replace it with a vegetable garden or landscape it with drought-resistant plants.
- Limit showers to five minutes or less.
- Turn off taps while brushing your teeth.
- Use leftover water to nourish pots and plants.
- Convert your toilet to a dual flush, and don’t flush it more than necessary.
- NEVER THROW WATER AWAY.