World Trauma Day 2017

world-trauma-day-17-oct

Image – Courtesy Google 

Each year October 17 is observed as World Trauma Day. The day reminds us all regarding the rising number of accidents and injuries that cause death and disability across the world and how we may prevent the same. Trauma refers to “any injury caused to the body” physical or mental. Injuries may be due to road accidents, fires, burns, falls, or acts of violence.

Surprisingly in all these causes it is road accidents that remain the number one reason for trauma all over the world. Road accidents often lead to temporary or permanent disability of victims and may even be fatal. It is estimated that every year nearly 5 million people die from injuries across the world.

In our own country statistics reveal that every year about a million people die while 20 million get hospitalized due to serious injuries. The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) states that nearly 1, 40,000 people die in road accidents in India on an average in any given year. In reality the numbers may be even more since these would probably be the numbers of reported cases.

The fact is that road accidents keep occurring all the time that also increases the morbidity and mortality rate. It is therefore very important to take all required precautions and steps to contain both accidents and injuries. Since as we all know prevention is always better than cure, people, especially the young ones should be taking care. Authorities should stay alert towards imposing restrictions on speed, wearing of helmets and act responsibly in traffic regulation.

Road accidents are the scourge of modern times. These deaths and disabilities can be prevented if proper training is imparted to the common man on how to handle emergency care in accident cases. For, apart from causing deaths in a largely young population, trauma will, by 2020, be ranked third for causing disabilities among the Indian population. Trauma can therefore be looked upon as an epidemic.

It is for this reason that HERD Foundation has been promoting Basic Life Saving Skills Training and advocating emergency medicine courses for not only medical people but for lay persons as well. If life sustaining help is not provided by first responders within minutes of an accident, then chances are we may be left counting more fatality statistics. We also need to impose strict rules for vehicle drivers to be careful and observe safety and wear helmets.

In line with our role as health care providers, HERD Foundation is committed to saving lives of critical patients. We urge every person working in healthcare sector and even laypersons to gain essential knowledge of life support skills. We know that early recognition and immediate life support intervention saves lives. It has therefore become a life’s mission for us to undertake Life Support Training Skills programme and to make them as widespread as possible.

In most trauma cases where deaths occur before medical help arrives, there is nobody who knows what to do. Precious minutes are lost. It is for this reason that we have undertaken training in basic life-saving skills. If a person is not given help within three minutes of an accident then we can lose a person. Today, on October 17 2017, we once again reiterate our mission and also raise awareness about the World Trauma Day.  Here are some do’s and don’ts to remember and follow to avoid accidents:

Do’s

  • Follow road safety rules carefully.
  • Always fasten seat belts and child care safety seats.
  • Pay attention to warning signs and traffic signals.
  • Always wear a helmet while riding a two-wheeler.
  • Avoid distractions like mobile phones and loud music.
  • Take short breaks in case of long distance driving.
  • Keep children away from electric switches and wires.
  • Carry a first aid safety kit at your home and in your vehicle.
  • Learn basic life support techniques and help the injured.

Don’ts

  • Do not drive when you are tired, sleepy or drunk.
  • Do not drive rashly when in a hurry.
  • In case of a head/spinal injury do not move victim from accident site without professional help.
  • Do not give fluids to any unconscious or semi-conscious traumatized person.

 

Advertisements

Let There Be Light

download (1)

Image – Courtesy Google 

Deepawali, the festival of lights is just round the corner. It ritualistically begins with cleansing. Every household gets busy with this annual cleaning frenzy to rid abodes of months of dust, cobwebs, dirt, grime and filth that go nearly unnoticed, until now. Hidden corners, high ceilings, ceiling fans, shut cupboards, lofts, store rooms, and bathrooms are all cleaned up vigorously. The deep-cleaning spree is to turn our homes come out shining and new!

But while we are so enthusiastic about welcoming the festive season with a home that is spruced up and squeaky clean, should we also not be concerned about keeping our surroundings pollution free too? Should we not pause and question as to why we make use of fire-crackers that will be polluting not only the environment but also our bodies. Should our bodies not need more attention to be kept clean along with our households?

Fire-crackers are synonymous with Diwali celebrations that environmentalists for years have been attempting to warn off. Intelligent people certainly welcome the Supreme Court decision prohibiting sale of firecrackers in Delhi-NCR. Why don’t other cities follow suit and look forward to a relatively cleaner Diwali. Don’t we all want relief from the annual rise in air pollution levels during Diwali? It is true that in India pollution levels go up much higher than national standards just as soon as the winters begin. It is for this reason alone that there should be comprehensive control on air pollution all over the country.

Pollution after Diwali fireworks affects all parts of the body. Your skin, eyes, nose, heart and even lungs may get affected. Chronic diseases like asthma and other lung related allergies get seriously aggravated after Diwali pollution. Warns Dr. Suchika Gupta, co-founder and Managing Director of HERD Foundation: “There is little doubt that the numbers of patients suffering from respiratory diseases spikes up tremendously after Diwali, not to speak of fire related accidents that get victims rushed to hospitals. It is therefore best to light lamps and celebrate peacefully rather that invite hazardous substances in our bodies and our environment”.

Aside from risk of skin burns or similar suffering that may follow burning firecrackers, the other hazard comes from smog that soon engulfs surrounding areas. It makes breathing difficult. Yet house after house goes berserk lighting up all kinds of fire crackers that aside from profusely littering the streets also affects air quality. Smog filled up with chemicals from fireworks fills up the environment and continues to hit residents particularly during early mornings and late evenings. The concentrations of ultra-fine PM2.5 reach as high as 1,000 ug/m3, nearly 17 times the safe limit of 60 ug/m3.

So even when Diwali is over, the smog continues to affect morning walkers, school-going children, and anyone else who comes in contact with this pollution-laden air. How then does it help anyone to first take part in such hazardous activity, and then get affected by the toxic fumes? Think especially of the damage that occurs to people suffering from chronic respiratory diseases or those having weak immunity?

Anyone experiencing breathlessness, coughing fits, chest tightness or watery eyes after Diwali can be sure that these are after effects of high levels of air pollution. Such people should not be going about outdoors early morning and late evening. Additionally they should invest in a quality face mask. It is true that prolonged exposure to concentrated metal particles may cause serious lung diseases.

India’s Central Pollution Control Board routinely monitors four air pollutants namely sulphur dioxide (SO2), oxides of nitrogen (NOx), suspended particulate matter (SPM) and respirable particulate matter (PM10). Bursting firecrackers during Diwali sends PM2.5 levels soaring. New Delhi, the capital city ranks notoriously high on unhealthy levels of particulate matter pollution. So while the recent judgment is a step in the right direction, other Indian cities ought to follow strict norms too. Unfortunately air quality levels are monitored by the government in only a handful of cities!

HERD Foundation suggests – let there be light this Diwali in your homes and also in your minds! Go for a fire-cracker free Diwali and do yourself, your neigbourhood, and your city a huge favour. We take this opportunity to wish everyone a peaceful and fun-filled Deepawali. May the festive season ahead be one that paves the way for better health, cleaner environment and breathable air.

Images – Courtesy Google

 

World Ozone Day

featured-image-index

September 16 is observed as International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer. The ozone layer or ozone shield is a region of Earth’s stratosphere that absorbs most of the Sun’s ultraviolet (UV) radiation. It contains high concentrations of ozone in relation to other parts of the atmosphere, although still small in relation to other gases in the stratosphere.

This layer in the stratosphere contains relatively high concentration of ozone. The earth’s atmosphere divided into several layers has each layer playing a role. The first region extends to about 10km up from the earth’s surface and is called the troposphere. Ozone depletion occurs when chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and halons or gases formerly found in aerosol spray cans and refrigerants get released into the atmosphere. CFCs and halons cause chemical reactions breaking down ozone molecules to reduce ozone’s ultraviolet radiation-absorbing capacity.

It is very essential to keep a control on fossil fuels that cause huge amounts of damage to the ozone layer which is depleting quickly. The ozone layer gets depleted by chemicals and air pollution caused by human activities. This is why September 16th is marked out since 1987 after the Montreal Protocol as World Ozone Day. A number of special events such as talks and seminars are held on this day. World Ozone Day is officially been celebrated since 1994 after being established by United Nations General Assembly. The day is mainly intended to spread awareness of the depletion of the Ozone Layer and search for solutions to preserve it.

People from all over the world are made aware of the need to protect the ozone layer. Talks and seminars are held widely by academics and concerned agencies. Celebrated all around the world schools and colleges have educators setting aside the day to instruct students about the Ozone layer. Many educational institutions organize special events and activities to raise awareness on the need to conserve the ozone layer.

September 16 is the designated day as the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer. This designation had been made on December 19, 1995, in commemoration of the date, in 1987, on which nations signed the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. The closure of the hole in the ozone layer was observed 30 years after the protocol was signed. Due to the nature of the gases responsible for ozone depletion their chemical effects are expected to continue for between 50 to 100 years.

The ozone layer, a fragile shield of gas, protects the Earth from the harmful portion of the rays of the sun, thus helping preserve life on the planet. The phase out of controlled uses of ozone depleting substances and the related reductions have not only helped protect the ozone layer for this and future generations, but have also contributed significantly to global efforts to address climate change. Also it has protected human health and ecosystems by limiting the harmful ultraviolet radiation from reaching the earth.

This year marks the 30th anniversary of the Montreal Protocol. As part of the anniversary celebrations, the Ozone Secretariat has launched a communication campaign ahead of World Ozone Day. The #OzoneHeroes campaign launched on 14 September will seek to celebrate the major accomplishments of the Montreal Protocol in protecting the ozone layer and the climate, to increase public recognition of the success and impact of the Protocol.

Nutrition Awareness Camp for Tribal Populations

 

The Tribal Clinic set up by HERD Foundation at Pauni undertakes regular health awareness programmes as part of its mandated activities to create healthier communities settled here. We systematically take on health camps to popularize preventive measures by organizing health awareness programs on issues related to health and hygiene. While last fortnight we undertook educating about diarrhea, this fortnight focused on nutritional awareness. Our team has been working for past three years in the region and the surrounding villages are familiar with the scheduled programmes of which they are informed in advance.

It is largely women patients who get involved as they are well acquainted with the medical team and they become willing participants in these awareness programmes. Such events teach them to take better care of their children and families. The tribal women are appropriate messengers to carry back the lessons to implement them in their daily lives. It leads them to take informed care of children, aging parents, and community members. These health camps are organized at the Tribal Clinic and last week the nutrition awareness camp drew nearly 60 women to the event.

Information about events gets circulated well in advance and the nutritive recipe competition was publicized to bring in more participants to the health awareness camp. The camp was organized for the benefit of the community women to coincide with the medical team’s health examination scheduled visit to the Tribal Clinic. It is when the team goes out for providing medical assistance thrice a week to this location, that they also plan and conduct activities to ensure inclusive reach for need of health awareness programs for the benefit of the people living here.

On September 8, 2017 the camp was organized with the aim to improve the nutritional status of the populations and especially targeted the tribal families. The food-preparation based nutrition approach was undertaken to create nutrition awareness to enhance consumption of nutritionally rich fruits, vegetables and ingredients. The team members made a comprehensive presentation to promote and emphasize on the importance of dietary variety in order to improve the nutritional quality of their diet and to increase knowledge and education on food preparation.

The team successfully created an environment in which the women became engrossed in learning how to add sufficient variety in their eating habits through locally available, affordable fruits, vegetables and ingredients that would add to their nutritional intake. This kind of participatory nutrition education for the women actually helped in inspiring them to learn new ways for consumption of nutritionally rich food.

Knowledge about alternate food preparation was shared prolifically. The nutrition-rich food competition announced earlier had the women bring in dishes they had prepared. Prizes were given after tasting and judging of dishes. This was done to encourage them to prepare innovative nutritious food in their households that will increase consumption of new recipes. The tribal women felt benefitted in being imparted necessary knowledge and skills to prepare and consume nutrition rich foods that they would add to their diet.

It turned out to be a wonderful effort by the medical team to raise awareness as well as to promote strategies for achieving nutrition security and enhance diversified food habits among these tribal families. These communities after all suffer from micronutrient malnutrition and the team assisted in offering solutions to address the problems. It was a wonderful participatory gathering that taught them to understand the need to learn about importance of nutrition and know of recipes using seasonal vegetables, fruits and condiments.

HERD Foundation hopes the nutrition awareness programme at the community level will promote increased consumption of nutrient rich foods. The health camp attracted the rural poor and disadvantaged women living here. The activities and advice provided by the team were to improve their awareness and skills in cooking to benefit their healthy eating habits. We know the team will be successful in bridging this critical knowledge link to educate home makers – mostly women to take better care of themselves, their children and families.

Beware: Swine Flu Spreads In Nagpur

 

Flu-Prevention-Tips

It is time Nagpur city got better prepared for prevalent swine flu that appears to be spreading all over. It would be good for medical pharmacies to stock up on antiviral medicines and antibiotics that will be needed to treat anyone who becomes ill during the current spike in swine flu cases. It is also the time to follow up on the new vaccine against the virus that is being currently developed. In the meantime the general public is advised to make use of masks when they move outdoors.

The city witnessed a gradual increase in the cases of swine flu cases and deaths have been reported from all quarters.  Health authorities and citizens are facing the dreaded disease that has since January 2017 seen over 300 people testing positive for the H1N1 virus.  Critical patients are quickly hospitalized and those having the symptoms of flu like conditions are being advised to stay isolated at home.

It is true that when people around you start suffering is when the enormity of the situation dawns. As part of its social responsibility, HERD Pharmacy has started advising people to take better care and stay out of harm’s way. Managers and front line staff is proactively talking to the customers to protect their families by observing essential do’s and don’ts. It may not be possible to monitor everybody but precautionary measures are being spelled out.

Just like in the case of regular flu, people who are getting infected by swine flu need to take lots of rest. They can use specific prescribed medications that will reduce their temperature and help bring down their symptoms. Antiviral medications for swine flu are available across all HERD Pharmacy counters and people affected by the virus will get treated by them. It would be essential to take complete rest that will relieve symptoms and reduce potential complications.

Most city doctors are prescribing specified antivirals or antibiotics to people being diagnosed for flu or swine-flu. Seriously ill patients are immediately being hospitalized. It is a good idea to read up as much with regard to flu-like symptoms if anyone is having concerns about suspicion of flu like symptoms. In all events you must rush to see a doctor immediately to confirm the case.

Antibiotics are mostly used to treat swine flu patients who may develop complications. They help combat bacterial infections. A vaccine to protect against swine flu is being developed, but it is not available as yet. It is especially important to safeguard high-risk groups susceptible to the disease and these include – people with chronic lung disease, chronic heart disease, chronic kidney disease, chronic liver disease, chronic neurological disease, immunosuppression and diabetes mellitus, patients who have had drug treatment for asthma within the past three years, pregnant women, people aged 65 years and older, and young children under five years old.

Be wary of swine flu symptoms like cold, cough, sore throat, headache and fever or difficulty in breathing. If tested positive one should start taking precautions and treatment immediately. Swine flu (H1N1) is a disease caused by virus infection. The infection can spread from one person to another through the infected person’s sneeze, cough, and so on. One should not neglect any symptom and immediately visit a doctor.

 

Celebrating Tanha Pola : On Uncertain Notes

 

307913As rural hinterlands celebrate Tanha Pola today, it would perhaps be in a precarious state of mind. Pola is a rustic festival bestowing gratitude to hardy bullocks that assist farmers in accomplishing their tilling and other farm-related occupations. It is enjoyed fervently in Vidarbha and other parts of Maharashtra. These meek beasts of burden play a crucial role and the day is earmarked since times immemorial to venerate their silent role in the well-being of rural lives. The faltering monsoon situation however lends an air of uncertainty to the festivities.

Pithori Amavasya (new moon) in Shravana month sees farmers celebrating the festival with much enthusiasm and gaiety as they deck up their partners in toil. They pay homage to their bullocks for their enduring support in their cultivation efforts. Pola day begins with bulls being bathed, decorated with ornaments and shawls, horns painted and necks adorned with garlands, festoons and beads. And they are lovingly fed with special offerings made for the occasion.

Given a day to rest from their weary workload, the evening sees them being paraded in a procession. Farmers celebrate along the way accompanied by music and dancing. The event starts with an aging bullock leading ahead with a wooden frame (makhar) tied on its horns to break a string of mango leaves stretched between two posts. Once this is done all other decorated bulls join in the procession around the village.

Although the past week has seen a smattering of showers but there is still no rain as such worth the mention. The prolonged dry spell in and around Nagpur is a cause for worry, as rural hopes appear downcast, fearing crop loss. If a good spell of rain is not in the offing in the next fortnight and beyond the situation will have to be reviewed for suitable measures to save the fate of crops trying to come up in our parts.

For sure the rainfall in the districts of Vidarbha has been poor, compared to last year’s average. As per the agriculture department’s report, crops in many districts had begun to wilt while many appeared to be under threat of pest attacks. However the intermittent rains of the past week have revived the hopes of farmers. Even so the prediction is that productivity may likely be hit by 40%. Naturally in this state of affairs Tanha Pola celebrations are likely to be affected.

Ostensibly, the past two days have brought about a revival of the monsoon and despite the stress on crops due to dry spells; signs of traditional festivities is showing up in rural market places. The customary decorative items are on display and there’s a hustle and bustle in village bazaars. Women are preparing for the traditional meals, men are contemplating about tasks to be done and children are excited. Most especially for the ‘Chota Pola’ that follows the next day, when they will run around with wooden bullock replicas on wheels that will keep them amused endlessly.

Nonetheless today Bail Pola is certainly seeing bullocks being revered and farmers celebrating everywhere, despite uncertainty about the rains. As evening draws closer celebrations are marked with decorated bulls in sparkling ornaments ready to be paraded. Even the usual rope harness on them gets un-tethered today, while cows too are made part of the ritual festivities. Rural families prepare delicious traditional food and visit friends and relatives. The elderly explain the traditions and history behind Pola celebrations and feel happy that traditions are being kept alive. Rains or no rains harried peasants will not let the day go by un-celebrated.

World Humanitarian Day

 

August 19 is designated as World Humanitarian Day by the United Nations General Assembly as part of a Swedish-sponsored GA Resolution on the Strengthening of the Coordination of Emergency Assistance of the United Nations. The day commemorates the tragic loss of Vieira de Mello and his 21 colleagues along with all humanitarian personnel who made the ultimate sacrifice while relieving the suffering of victims of humanitarian crises.

The day keeps the spirit of humanitarian efforts alive while offering the rationalist outlook for adopting the notion of an ethical stance to emphasize the value of human beings, individually and collectively. Humanitarianism reflects a democratic and ethical affirmation that human beings have the right and responsibility to give meaning and shape to their own lives. Humanitarian vision stands for the building of a more humane society.

World Humanitarian Day 2017 campaigns with the theme ‘Not A Target’ and dedicates the day to recognize humanitarian personnel and others who have lost their lives working for humanitarian causes. It marks the day on which the then Special Representative of the Secretary-General to Iraq, Sérgio Vieira de Mello and 21 of his colleagues were killed in the bombing of the UN Headquarters in Baghdad.

Around the world, conflict is exacting a massive toll on people’s lives. Trapped in wars that are not of their making, millions of civilians are forced to hide or run for their lives. Children are taken out of school, families are displaced from their homes, and communities are torn apart, while the world is not doing enough to stop their suffering. At the same time, health and aid workers – who risk their lives to care for people affected by violence – are increasingly being targeted.

For WHD 2017, humanitarian partners are coming together to reaffirm that civilians caught in conflict are #NotATarget. Through a global online campaign featuring an innovative partnership with Facebook Live, together with events held around the world, voices are being raised to advocate for those most vulnerable in war zones, and demand that world leaders do everything their power to protect civilians in conflict.

This campaign follows on the UN Secretary-General’s report on protection of civilians, which was launched earlier this year. Laying out his ‘path to protection’, the Secretary-General calls for enhanced respect for international humanitarian and human rights law, and protection of civilians, including humanitarian and medical workers as well as civilian infrastructure. World Humanitarian Day 19 August, 2017 pays tribute to aid workers who risk their lives in humanitarian service, and to rally support for people affected by crises around the world.